Dundee Conference 2015 – Beyond The Carbon Economy: The Oil Crisis, Fracking and Renewables

Beyond The Carbon Economy: The Oil Crisis, Fracking and Renewables

Facilitator: Maggie Chapman; Contributors: Peter McColl, Andy Myles

With around a dozen participants, we began with some introductions. The contributors started discussion around the ‘carbon bubble’ – essentially, the idea that from a climate perspective we cannot afford to burn most of the carbon / fossil fuel stocks that we have; therefore, the assets of the oil companies are worth much less than their valuation, and therefore, investors (the financial sector, pension funds, etc) should be divesting from these assets. The science is no longer in doubt – International Panel on Climate Change, UNDP etc all say we have to stop burning fossil fuels. The Scottish financial sector is very strong –

RBS is the single biggest investor in Canadian tar sands – but the smart money, like the Norwegian oil fund, is moving out of fossils. The fiduciary duty to shareholders means that boards take a short-term view of profit maximisation; longer-term social and environmental duties would be one way to tackle this.

Renewables were increasing in efficiency and solar cells especially were breaking through scale barriers; investment in renewables, unlike fossil fuels, tended to be investment in people, and local supply chains rather than international infrastructures and corporate profit. It was suggested that one reason for the collapse in the oil price was a deliberate tactic by the Gulf states to sell off their oil before the bubble became better appreciated by investors. It was also noted that public authorities in Scotland needed to be given the power to invest on the people’s behalf. The best wind sites had been given away, effectively, to private developers; but other renewables could be managed better.

The switch to renewables should also go along with decentralisation of the grid, which would have other benefits, especially for rural communities and would signal a move away from corporatist power. It was suggested that this is a 50-100 year shift in the predominant fuel base – and that we are not having an

energy crisis but an energy revolution.

On opening up the discussion to the group, with a number of educators amongst us there was some discussion of how to convey messages at different levels and to different groups. We discussed different renewable technologies eg hydro – hydro does have some environmental drawbacks and most sites in Scotland for large hydro have been developed, but there’s huge scope for small schemes. As with solar, these can be off grid, but in a grid-based system, feed-in tariffs are important to uptake. It was suggested that there are lots of good examples eg in Galloway; and that it needed a new approach to value-based economics, such as NEF promote. It was also suggested that there was an inherent ‘colonial’ bias amongst some civil servants that prevented change even where Parliament or ministers were supportive; but also that Parliament didn’t know enough. It was noted that Scotland has the least ‘local’ local government in Europe; local authorities could have a duty towards local generation and powers to invest to retain the benefits in communities – which could be communities of place, but also communities of interest. There was discussion of local and also individual empowerment, and again of the fundamental underlying political and economic constraints on any radical change. Some concluding thoughts on ways ahead included continuing to try and get the message across to decision-makers and investors, especially that current subsidies to oil and gas need redirected.

We then spent a little time trying to formulate our key points for the world café:

1. Divestment by funders to burst the carbon bubble

2. New fiduciary duties on corporations – financial sector – long-term

  1. Systemic institutional failings – where does power lie?

  2. Decentralise and cross-cutting – empowerment and education

World Café Follow-through:

Three different groups met at the carbon table in the afternoon. The first group started by talking about decentralisation; technologies including mini hydro, heat pumps and solar panels / cells. We also talked about energy efficiency; planning and building standards; short term government thinking; and electric cars (which still need generation).

The second group talked a lot about infrastructure; links between energy, housing and transport; ownership of infrastructure, and control of energy prices. This led on to more general discussion of decision-making and accountability; grassroots resistance / activism; and communities having responsibility for their own resources.

The third group talked about culture, ownership and land. The prevailing culture of giving landowners the benefits – of wind and also hydro. People were disenfranchised from land. Meantime wilderness needed protected, but Nimbyism wasn’t the way to do that. We had a couple of people with some specialist knowledge talking about the Aberdeen hydrogen project and the potential for tidal and wave power.

The third group finished by wondering what we had in RIC to take the issue forward and get policies out there – was there scope for a red-green alliance? Energy could provide common ground and linked to other fundamental policy areas.

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Dundee Conference 2015 – Yes to Gender Equality: Why Feminism Matters

Yes to Gender Equality: Why Feminism Matters

Contributors: Nadia El-Nakla, Anna McFarlane, Sarah Browne, Sara McHaffie. Report written by Sara McHaffie and Sarah Browne.

Nadia El-Nakla began the conversation. She said that as a society we like to use labels and to label people but as feminists we need to avoid this. There are a lot of misconceptions about feminists and feminism but feminism is about equality between men and women.  As feminists, although we are diverse, we need to keep a single goal in sight and aim for equality. We need to understand the historical context but avoid trying to copy past feminist activism and instead think about what our priorities should be today.

People are conditioned to think equality has been achieved and there is no need for feminism but this is definitely not the case. She believes that in Scotland the best chance we have to get gender equality is to break from Westminster. But there will be resistance to our calls for gender equality because it challenges the status quo.

The participants were then asked to introduce themselves and to say what they thought about feminism and about women’s participation in the referendum and how it was portrayed.

Discussion focused on:

  • How much the referendum made you realise how dominant men are in politics but that the referendum was refreshing as it provided space and room for women to speak.
  • There was concern that women were used by political parties in the referendum just to increase their votes.
  • The paid employment sector is the biggest barrier for women, especially relating to childcare and how we, as a society, define what is valued.
  • For many in attendance, independence wasn’t about constitutional change but was a vehicle to change society.
  • There were also concerns about the sexualisation of women’s (and men’s) bodies and the cultural pressure placed on women regarding how they look and behave.
  • Education was one space which was discussed in relation to the pressure placed upon women as it was felt there was a lot of sexism apparent in high schools.
  • Gender equality should also include an analysis of health inequalities and the issue of men and health.
  • There was general agreement that what was good for feminism is good for women and men.

Discussion then moved on to focusing on which issues we should prioritise and how we keep the momentum, post-referendum, going?

  • The issue of women in prison was raised both as a successful action when women campaign together and lobby political parties but also as an ongoing issue with regard to how we ensure marginalised women have their voices heard.
  • Disarmament was seen as a very important issue as it links to male violence against women. If the State itself is violent (and provides arms to other countries that leads to violence against women) then it creates conditions for male violence against women.
  • Childcare was seen as a very important issue. Maternity and Paternity leave seen as an issue that could unite all of us and we should thank feminists for raising this.
  • The role of the media was discussed. It was felt that we can hold media outlets to account and social media is important as a way to gain some control.
  • Health inequalities were debated and there was discussion over how far it was due to class or gender.
  • Feminism was viewed by some participants as a barrier as it put off people. However, there was general agreement that we should promote more understanding of feminism and that as a term it is inclusive. We also need to be careful that feminism isn’t co-opted and used as a brand.
  • We need to focus on institutions and systems, primarily capitalism and patriarchy.
  • While it was acknowledged that men suffer from sexism, it was discussed that this rarely holds men back as it does for women.
  • There was some discussion of the gendered nature of the benefits system and how cuts to benefits were disproportionately affecting women.

 

Ways to campaign on these issues were also discussed:

  • Quotas should become law and there should be audits for policies
  • It was felt that people should work on issues that interest them but should link with others to keep momentum going. Discussion is important.
  • Important part of this discussion is deciding upon what sort of vision we want. What do we want society to look like?

 

3 things we proposed for the afternoon discussion:

  • Valuing women and their time and labour, working to give a voice to marginalised women.
  • Creating choices and opportunities for women of all ages and economic independence.
  • Universal 24 hour childcare, shared responsibilities for childrearing, maternity and paternity leave including seeing childrearing valued as work.

The world café session was well-attended and there seemed to be a good deal of interest in the topic of women and independence.

There were three different groups who came to discuss the issues raised in the morning workshop, and to expand on the ideas that came out of it.

The three points from the morning workshop were expanded somewhat. They would now read more like;

  • Freedom from intimidation by threat or use of violence or sexual coercion, regardless of marital status and an end to all laws, assumptions and institutions which perpetuate male dominance and men’s aggression towards women (the seventh demand of the women’s liberation movement). Women should be valued along with their time and labour. We should work to give a voice to women marginalised due to race, sexuality, disability, poverty, imprisonment, migration status and drug use.
  • Creation of choices and opportunities for women of all ages. This would include education that empowers girls, better quality of care and services for older women and challenging of gendered stereotypes which pressure girls and women to make particular, limited choices. Economic independence is crucial. One key way of achieving this is a citizen’s / universal income.
  • Childrearing must be valued. Responsibility for childrearing should be shared. A citizen’s income would give more flexibility with regard to maternity/paternity leave. Universal 24-hour community-run childcare will remove barriers to women’s participation in society. Other barriers such as poor bus services should also be considered and challenged.

These goals should, once achieved, be audited to ensure they work as they should.

We also need quotas for balance in parliament, in management, on boards and in unions.

We discussed voter participation. There was someone from RIC Ayrshire in attendance who brought up the subject of women who use drugs who try to avoid anything like registering to vote that might put them on the radar of social services, due to a fear of losing their children.  

There was a discussion of women who suffer under the politics of austerity. The point was made that women tend to live longer than men, so policies affecting older people predominantly affect women.

The discussion went back in the direction of voter participation with consideration of older women’s voting habits. It was mentioned that there was a lot of complaining about older women having voted no, when many older women round the table had only really met yes voters in the same demographic.  The way older women were discussed in the media at the time was tinged with misogyny.

Older women are often cut off from social media so it’s entirely possible that some did vote no purely because they were more vulnerable to scaremongering and lacked the counter to the mass media scare stories that social media provided.

We resolved to be careful with our language, and remember than older women are not inherently conservative. Any campaign for independence should remember not to dismiss older women.

We had a discussion about the manufacturing of choice and consent with artificial binaries encouraged with a first past the post system like the one in Westminster.

There was an interesting exploration of the concept that ‘security is not military’. We heard about the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)’s work. We talked a little about Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and self-actualisation. Women found it difficult to think about themselves and their own self-esteem and self-actualisation but could consider it with regards to their children. This then led into discussions about self-esteem and identity for the women participating.


We talked for a long while about the way toys are coded for boys or girls. We heard about activism challenging this in Morrisons in St Andrews. This led into us talking about what to do about the sexualisation and objectification of girls and women.

A new group of participants came along whose response to the morning’s goal of free 24-hour community-led childcare was to look at other family-related barriers to societal participation. We talked about buses needing to be more family-friendly in terms of cost, timings etc.

Someone expressed the need to keep women in the workforce – women train to perform particular jobs then find themselves unable to use that training as it’s hard to combine work with family responsibilities.

There needs to be decent legislation which challenges this. Some countries have better laws which allow women the time to express breast milk, for example.

The conversation veered back to mainstream press – it was jokingly suggested that if the daily mail and the record were banned things would improve and there’s maybe a grain of truth in that.

A discussion of pornography concluded that it can’t possibly be feminist in fact, even if it might be feminist in name. This led back neatly to the adoption of the seventh demand of the women’s liberation movement, with the porn industry being one of the institutions shoring up women’s oppression.

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Dundee Conference 2015 – Beyond Sanctions and Food Banks: Work and Welfare

Beyond Sanctions and Food Banks: Work and Welfare

Contributors include Carlo Morelli, Connor Beaton, Sarah Glynn (SUWN)

Background discussion points

Cuts highest in most deprived communities and are increasing inequality (see report by Joseph Rowntree Foundation ‘The Cost of the Cuts’; CPAG report that over 100 wards in the UK have over 50% of children growing up in poverty.)

This is about class. There is a need to redistribute income from rich to poor instead of from poor to rich. We have to tackle the problems of divide and rule (deserving and undeserving poor, people in work and not etc)

People are afraid that they will be targeted next, and the act of criminalising protest has meant that people scared to stand up for rights

Dr David Webster has described welfare sanctions as an unaccountable penal system, which provides a potent counter-argument to the inevitable “can’t we just improve sanctions?” question.

Actions

Roll out the sort of intensive street work that SUWN has been doing in Dundee and Arbroath to other areas. Activists have been acting as Welfare Rights sans Frontières, reaching the many claimants mistreated by the jobcentre but not making their way to office-based organisations such as CAB. We make sure people are aware of their rights and help them stand up for them. We accompany people to interviews, give basic advice and make sure they get detailed professional advice when needed. We also use the knowledge gained to inform our campaigning activities. (Many SUWN activists are themselves unemployed, but you

don’t have to have been unemployed to want to do something about these issues.) SUWN is currently working with RIC and other activists in Glasgow to get similar activity going there, and are happy to help and work with other groups wanting to do similar work. Petition the Scottish Government to reimburse money lost through benefit sanctions in the same way as is being done for bedroom tax. DAWS (Dundee Against Welfare Sanctions) has written a petition, which is supported by the SUWN. At the moment this only exists as paper versions but we will let people know when it is up on line. (Also need to follow through and

check people with bedroom tax are receiving Discretionary Housing Payments from local councils.)

Spread knowledge and information about what’s happening so that the general public is more aware of what is going on. Make more use of video stories on the internet. Encourage use of language that emphasises structural causes of unemployment and poverty and doesn’t stigmatise and blame individuals. A return to the idea that social security is a right and not a privilege. Austerity is responsible for a humanitarian crisis and a health crisis. Spread knowledge of rights through video advice (SUWN is working on this) and through a Know Your Rights leafleting day in April. [This could be timed to be part of the Boycott Workfare Week of Action, announced this week, that runs from 25 April to 2 May.]

Importance of linking together practical help and advice for people on benefits (which itself should be about empowerment and not just charity), with campaigning on both specific issues, such as sanctions, and on wider issues that these all link into. Encourage development of pockets of resistance networked together. Importance of different local groups linking for solidarity and advice and for tying individual issues into the bigger picture.

Use election campaign to raise issues and get candidates to commit to change. [SUWN has now drawn up a list of 6 basic demands].

Learn more about and promote the potential of Basic Income (or Citizens Income) as a long-term solution to the problems of benefits and means-testing. Glasgow West RIC had a recent meeting on this and the SUWN is currently planning one for Dundee.

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Dundee Conference 2015 – Beyond Campaigning: Communities, Resistance and Change

Beyond Campaigning: Communities, Resistance and Change

Contributors: Robin McAlpine, Gill Bannister, Doug Haywood

To kick things off, we went round 40 or so attendees and asked if they would share their name, where they had come from, and what their one wish for Scotland would be ( aside from gaining our Independence) This set the tone for the rest of the discussions, with people from all corners of Scotland sharing ideas which varied from restructuring the education system to something more useful than preparing students for a life of work, to introducing a citizens’ income, to becoming a republic. Though answering was optional, everyone offered their ideas.

In the first section of the workshop, we discussed how we felt Indyref campaigning had evolved, and what we had learned from it. Many contributors felt that more training had been required, that more overhead coordination had been needed to ensure every area had been covered, and that Yes Scotland had failed somewhat in leading the campaign because it had appeared to be more about designing logos than directing the campaign.

The level of cooperation between groups campaigning in the same towns or cities appears to have varied across Scotland with some areas transformed into one campaign, while in other areas there was more separation between party and non party campaigners. Some hubs were open as fully operational hubs and spaces for discussion for many months before the vote, while others opened just a few weeks before but had not offered a space that was useful for conversation.

The workshop group agreed that we need more spaces where we could talk to people, offer training courses and hold planning meetings. It was felt that RIC mass canvasses had been inspirational and a good way to talk to many people in a short space of time, and that it was a good place to learn canvassing compared to a classroom. We agreed that we had been part of an incredible movement and we should not underestimate the effect of our efforts.

The second section of the Beyond Campaigning workshop looked into how we build our presence in our communities and how to network across Scotland.

There was some discussion over whether “class” should dictate areas to be targeted, and whether any targeting was required at all. There was a comment that cautioned a simplistic approach to social class i.e. Middle class people are also important in the fight for independence. Tenants associations, community food production, PTAs were all examples of how people are now more involved in their community. One example was given where a tenants’ association had grown by giving each of the core group one street to look after and keep informed of situations, then as more people became involved the organisation grew into something much bigger.

Direct action was also discussed ( an example – marching into a supermarket and filling trolleys with staple foods then leaving without paying, the food going to the needy) with a short discussion on being “arrestable” following on from that.

Although the time available for the workshop was almost two hours, the discussion could have continued for longer. Our thanks to everyone that attended and added their voice to this workshop.

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Beyond Sanctions and Food Banks: Work & Welfare

#RIC2015 Workshop outline

Facilitators and key contributors; Sarah Glynn (SUWN),  Connor Beaton (SSP) and economist Carlo Morelli.

After the referendum many people who had been campaigning for a fairer Scotland wanted to do something practical. Often this took the form of mass foodbank collections. This session is about how we can combine immediate practical help for some of the most vulnerable people in our society with political campaigning to make sure that this help stops being necessary.

The session will also look forward, examining the meaning of work in the 21st century, how work could be shared and how currently unpaid and undervalued roles in society could be rewarded. Could we all work less? Is a better work/life balance vital for a healthier, happier society?

 

Sarah Glynn represents the Scottish Unemployed Workers’ Network (SUWN), an independent organisation, founded in 2011, that combines campaiging with practical welfare work.

“We organise activity ourselves and also co-ordinate with other groups across Scotland and beyond. The unemployed are in the front line of the current attack on the poor that threatens to take us back to the hungry Thirties. We are part of the fightback.”

For more information (and our report on sanctions in Dundee) see http://www.scottishunemployedworkers.net
You can also find us on facebook: https://www.facebook.com/scottishunemployedworkersnetwork

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World Cafe

#RIC2015
World Café session – Information sheet.

The world café will be an opportunity for participants to develop the themes from the 6 morning workshops, under the overarching theme of ‘Making Another Scotland Possible’.
The workshops will provide the six subthemes – ‘how can each of these contribute to Making….’

The reporters from the morning workshops will provide 3 key points from each of these subthemes.

Yes Cafe Nov 13At the world café, there will be one table for each workshop subtheme.

The key points from the morning will be displayed, and there will be a coordinator, who was at that workshop and who will stay at that table throughout. People will be able to develop those points or add others in that subtheme.

Every 15 minutes people will be invited to move group. People can stay at one group, or move to another group, at each timeslot.

After the event, the coordinators will lead on drawing outputs together, involving anyone who wants to be involved (eg by email). The outputs can then be used to further develop policy ideas. In this way, the conference will be able to produce lasting and ongoing contributions to Making Another Scotland Possible.

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Yes to Workplace Democracy

#RIC 2015 Workshop outline

Facilitators and key contributors, Mike Arnott, Helen Meldrum and Jim McFarlane.

Trade unions in Scotland have over many years borne the brunt of Thatcherism and now experience at first hand the consequences of austerity. In spite of this and the varying official policy responses of the unions at a national level, there remains a tradition of resistance and collective action. This has manifested itself both in actions at the workplace DTUCand in wider society. Specific unions and the STUC have each attempted to devise tactics and strategies to oppose the worst of the onslaught. At different times this has meant opposing all the mainstream political parties. This workshop will explore this context and discuss ways of expanding and building on opposition to those that put profit before people. This workshop will look at the roles of trade union activists and Trades Union Councils, as well as the movement more generally.

This session will include contributions from Mike Arnott, secretary of Dundee Trade Union Council, member of the STUC general council; Jim McFarlane, Dundee City Unison branch secretary and Dundee Trade Unionists for Independence; and Helen Meldrum, PCS. All contributors are speaking  in a personal capacity.

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Yes to Gender Equality: Why Feminism Matters

#RIC2015 Workshop outline

Facilitators and key contributors; Sarah Browne, Anna McFarlane, Nadia El-Nakla

1939685_674239669280037_3778789921272160783_nWomen played a crucial role in the referendum campaign, both as high profile figures and on the doorstep. This session will discuss how we can build on this involvement to ensure that women’s rights, and other forms of gender equality, are priorities for the policy-making agenda and in the Yes movement itself.

Facilitating this session will be Anna McFarlane and Sarah Browne of RIC Dundee and who both have a long-standing interest in feminism and women’s rights. Joining them will be Nadia El-Nakla who has spent seven years working with the Amina Muslim Women Resources Centre and is also a founding member of Tayside Justice for Palestine. In addition to this expertise, Nadia is an active supporter of independence and ending welfare cuts.

The session will be friendly and informal and will provide space for people to discuss their concerns, including (but not limited to) what our main priorities should be when campaigning for equality post-referendum, what we can do to address these issues within the yes movement and how we combat the impact of the cuts on gender equality?

Nadia El-Nakla: Nadia has worked with Amina Muslim Women Resources Centre (MWRC) for years and is a founding member of Tayside Justice for Palestine.

Sarah Browne: Sarah Browne is active in RIC and Women for Independence in Dundee. She is interested in the role of women and feminism in the yes campaign. Her book ‘The Womens Liberation Movement in Scotland’ was published last year.

Anna McFarlane: Anna is active in Radical Independence Dundee. She has a long-standing interest in feminism and co-organised the 2014 conference ‘Smashing the Patriarchy in 100,000 Words? Feminism in Academic Theses’ at the University of Dundee.

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Scotland’s New Economy: Rethinking Economics and Money

#RIC2015 workshop outline
Key contributors: Duncan McCann, Duncan McCabe

The workshop will be split into two parts looking first at the economy as a whole and exploring ideas that we need to create a new economic paradigm. The second part will analyse the current monetary system, expose some misconceptions and explore progressive alternatives.

Slavoj Zizek once wrote that ‘it is easier to imagine the end of the world than the end of Capitalism’. During the workshop we will look at the current state of capitalism in the UK and look forward to how we can shape and create a new economic narrative not based on the discredited ideas of neo-liberal economic thinking and moving towards a more socially and environmentally responsible economic model. We will try to understand what values such an economy would need as well as look as some examples of the new economy being put into practice around the world.
Analysis has shown that the issue of Money and the question about which currency to use in an independent Scotland were some of the key topics that made voters nervous and fearful, and thus were key reasons for voting no. However the debate was peppered with incorrect information and false assumptions. The debate seemed to narrow down to which A generic picture of a some British sterling money in coins and bank notes.single currency (£, Euro, New Currency) should be the new monetary monoculture for Scotland rather than a discussion of the potential benefits of using a range of currencies each for a specific purpose. The debate also failed to acknowledge that there are many ways of creating money, not just as bank debt that all national money systems rely on.

In this workshop, led by New Economics Foundation reasearcher Duncan McCann, we will be exploring the issue of money by looking at what it really is and the impact that the present system has on the society and environment that we live it.

We will then discuss moving forward and how we can leverage the energy for change in Scotland to design a new national complementary currency that does not rely on more power being devolved from London and that could showcase what a positive asset a re-designed currency system can have.’

 
Duncan McCann is a researcher in Finance and Business with the New Economics Foundation. Duncan McCabe is an activist with RIC in Dundee.

For those interested in learning more about Money in advance of the session on the New Economy,please take a look at these excellent videos. Learn about Money in just over 1 hour • Introduction to the Money System – (3 mins) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I_QC15C7o4A&x-yt-ts=1421828030&x-yt-cl=84411374#t=59 • Misconceptions around Banking – (5 mins) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bE8i-4HpKlM • How Banks create money, the consequences and lack of central bank control – Tony Greenham – (28 mins) – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zjCsD6njp10 • How to fuel the Economy without increasing Debt – Ben Dyson – (30mins) https://www.youtube.com/watch?x-yt-ts=1421828030&v=F5KV-iaMKK0&x-yt-cl=84411374 • The Power of Complementary Currencies – Edgar Kampers – (12 mins) – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QLAShxDp578

 

 

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Beyond Campaigning: Communities, Resistance and Change

#RIC2015 workshop outline

Facilitators & key contributors:  Gill Bannister ( RIC Dundee) Doug Haywood ( RIC Aberdeen) and Robin McAlpine ( Common Weal)

What did we do well in the Indyref campaign, or need to do better next time?
Where can we go next to make Another Scotland Possible?

10550028_10153006095538496_3326021223070178605_oWhat lessons can be learned from our campaign for Indyref 2014? Did “positive campaigning” work? Are marches and rallies effective, or are they preaching to the choir, excluding of others? Did the RIC mass canvasses empower grassroots campaigners during Indyref? How can we encourage people to participate? Would off-street training classes help? How can we be more inclusive?

Where do “we” go now? What do we campaign on? Must we join a political party to continue working for radical change?
Can we use the opportunities presented by Community Empowerment Bill to empower ourselves to build better communities?
(easy read version here:- http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/08/5194/3 )
Do you feel that there is a space to bring people together to start social enterprises, to grow more community food, to get together in a way that reduces the effects of global financial crashes, and the effect of austerity policies? Does that space already exist?
Could community involvement be a more effective way of reaching out to people who were not part of the Yes community, and include them in making a better Scotland for all of us?
In the wider community, will activism against TTIP, Fracking, Trident, Austerity help bring different communities together?

Bring your opinion, bring notes, share them with others in the Beyond Campaigning workshop, and at the World Café sessions in the afternoon at RIC Spring Conference in Dundee.

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